Story of Cairo
BECOME A CITYZEN OF CAIRO
Cairo is the capital and largest city of Egypt, with a metropolitan area larger than any other in the Middle East and the Arab world. The city proudly features the nearby famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis. Cairo has long been a center of the region's political and cultural life, and is titled "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture.
The area around present-day Cairo, especially Memphis, had long been a focal point of Ancient Egypt due to its strategic location just upstream from the Nile Delta. However, the origins of the modern city are generally traced back to a series of settlements in the first millennium.
Around the turn of the 4th century, as Memphis was continuing to decline in importance, the Romans established a fortress town along the east bank of the Nile, named Babylon Fortress. This fortress remained the heart of Cairo as it was passed down from regime to regime until Egypt declared Cairo its capital, as its been since then.
Tahrir Square was founded during the mid-19th century with the establishment of modern downtown Cairo. It was first named Ismailia Square, after the 19th-century ruler Khedive Ismail, who commissioned the new downtown district's 'Paris on the Nile' design. After the Egyptian Revolution of 1919, the square became widely known as Tahrir (meaning “liberation”) Square, though it was not officially renamed as such until after the 1952 Revolution which eliminated the monarchy. Several notable buildings surround the square including, the American University in Cairo's downtown campus, the Mogamma governmental administrative Building, the headquarters of the Arab League, the Nile Ritz Carlton Hotel, and the Egyptian Museum.
From the Mena House Oberoi Hotel, you have a beautiful view of the Pyramids, dating back to approximately 2600 BC, as well as the royal gardens of Gezirah Palace. If you're looking for more natural splendor, no place is better than the majestic Andalusian Garden.
After enjoying such a beautiful walk, only the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities can follow suit, containing 136,000 items on display, among its most famous collections on display being the finds from the Tomb of Tutankhamun.