Story of Cape Town
BECOME A CITYZEN OF CAPE TOWN
Cape Town is a coastal city in South Africa and the second-most populous urban area in South Africa after Johannesburg. It is also the capital and largest city of the Western Cape province. The city is famous for its harbour, for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic Region, and for such well-known landmarks as Table Mountain and Cape Point. It is one of the most multicultural cities in the world, reflecting its role as a major destination for immigrants and expatriates to South Africa. The city was named the World Design Capital for 2014 by the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design. In 2014, Cape Town was named the best place in the world to visit by both the American New York Times and the British Daily Telegraph.
The earliest known remnants in the region were found at Peers Cave in Fish Hoek and date to between 15,000 and 12,000 years ago. Little is known of the history of the region's first residents, since there is no written history from the area before it was first mentioned by Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias in 1486 who was the first European to reach the area and named it "Cape of Storms" (Cabo das Tormentas). It was later renamed by John II of Portugal as "Cape of Good Hope" (Cabo da Boa Esperança) because of the great optimism engendered by the opening of a sea route to India and the East. The Dutch later took the cape as a colony and, once secure, began passing biased legislation against the African locals- all thankfully now overturned, with Cape Town having the highest rate of equality in South Africa today.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation. Viewed internationally and locally as a Ghandi-like social justice figure, he will be forever remembered as a hero for human rights and his people.
Locals are known to walk through the gorgeous Table Mountain National Park, proclaimed in 1998, for the purpose of protecting the natural environment of the Table Mountain Chain, and in particular the rare fynbos vegetation. Another popular site is Robben Island- meaning "Seal Island" in Dutch. Nobel Laureate and former President of South Africa Nelson Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island for 18 of the 27 years he served behind bars before the fall of apartheid- and this jail was the inspiration for his monument. In fact, three of the former inmates of Robben Island have gone on to become President of South Africa: Nelson Mandela, Kgalema Motlanthe, and current President Jacob Zuma. Cape Town is a hub for natural splendor and beauty, a sparkling African gem.