Story of Rome
BECOME A CITYZEN OF ROME
Rome is the capital of Italy and is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states. Rome's history spans more than 2,500 years. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe. Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of Western civilization and by some as the first ever metropolis. It was first called The Eternal City (Urbs Aeterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, and the expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy. Rome is also called the "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World).
Traditional stories handed down by the ancient Romans themselves explain the earliest history of their city in terms of legend and myth. The most familiar of these myths, and perhaps the most famous of all Roman myths, is the story of Romulus and Remus, the twins who were suckled by a she-wolf. They decided to build a city, but after an argument, Romulus killed his brother and the city took his name. According to the Roman annalists, this happened on 21 April 753 BC. For centuries the city would go on to be a symbol of greatness, power, and culture.
The Colosseum is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of Rome. Built of concrete and sand, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built, holding between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, having an average audience of 65,000. It was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era, but was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine. Although partially ruined because of damage caused by earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is still an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome.
Ancient Rome was a city filled with world class entertainment and architecture- and not much has changed over the years! You might be inclined to visit the city's famous Pantheon, one of the best-preserved of all Ancient Roman buildings, thanks to its continuous use throughout history. Perhaps after seeing a site of such great architecture you might wish to cast your eye upon Rome’s Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna (National Gallery of Modern Art), created in 1883 and currently housing over 5,000 paintings and sculptures.
Such exhibits might seem overwhelming, but Rome will continue to no end! The Saint Peters Basilica is an Italian Renaissance church in Vatican City and one of the most renowned works of Renaissance architecture and the largest church in the world.